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PTE reading: understanding inference and deduction questions

The PTE Reading section assesses your ability to comprehend and analyze written texts. Within this section, you will encounter various question types that evaluate your skills in understanding the author's intended meaning and making logical deductions based on the information provided. Inference and deduction questions are particularly important as they require you to go beyond the explicit information and draw conclusions based on implicit details. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of inference and deduction questions in the PTE Reading section and provide valuable strategies to help you excel in tackling these types of questions.

Understanding Inference Questions:

Inference questions in the PTE Reading section require you to deduce or infer information that is not explicitly stated in the text. Here are some key strategies to help you approach inference questions effectively:

Analyze Contextual Clues:

Carefully examine the surrounding sentences or paragraphs to identify contextual clues that can guide you towards the correct answer. Look for subtle hints, implications, or connections between ideas that may lead you to the inferred information.

Consider Tone and Purpose:

Pay attention to the tone of the passage and the author's purpose. This can provide valuable insights into the intended meaning and help you make logical inferences. Consider the author's attitude, bias, or underlying message to draw accurate conclusions.

Connect the Dots:

Combine information from different parts of the passage to make connections and draw inferences. Look for patterns, cause-and-effect relationships, or any logical progression of ideas that can support your inferred conclusion.

Understanding Deduction Questions:

Deduction questions in the PTE Reading section require you to use the information provided in the passage to make logical deductions. Here are some strategies to approach deduction questions effectively:

Identify Supporting Evidence:

Carefully analyze the given information and identify any supporting evidence that can help you make deductions. Look for specific details, facts, or examples that can be used to draw logical conclusions.

Apply Logic and Reasoning:

Use logical thinking and reasoning skills to make deductions based on the given information. Consider cause-and-effect relationships, logical implications, or any patterns that emerge from the text to arrive at the correct answer.

Eliminate Incorrect Options:

Read each answer option and eliminate any choices that are not supported by the given information. Use the process of elimination to narrow down your options and increase your chances of selecting the correct deduction.

Practice and Familiarize Yourself:

To excel in inference and deduction questions, practice is key. Engage in regular reading exercises and expose yourself to a variety of texts, including articles, essays, and literary pieces. This will help you become familiar with different writing styles, tones, and the implicit information often present in texts. Additionally, practice with PTE Reading sample questions that specifically target inference and deduction skills. As you practice, pay attention to the strategies outlined above and gradually refine your ability to make accurate inferences and deductions.


Inference and deduction questions in the PTE Reading section require you to go beyond surface-level comprehension and draw logical conclusions based on implicit information. By understanding the context, analyzing clues, considering tone and purpose, identifying supporting evidence, and applying logical reasoning, you can improve your performance in these question types. Regular practice and exposure to a variety of texts will help you sharpen your inference and deduction skills, enabling you to approach these questions with confidence and accuracy. With a solid understanding of inference and deduction, you will be well-equipped to excel in the PTE Reading section and achieve your desired score.