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PTE writing: how to generate ideas and develop arguments

The Writing section of the Pearson Test of English (PTE) assesses your ability to express your thoughts and opinions clearly and coherently in written English. To excel in this section, it is crucial to generate ideas and develop strong arguments that support your main points. In this blog, we will explore effective strategies to help you generate ideas and develop compelling arguments for the PTE Writing section.

Understand the Prompt:

Carefully read and understand the writing prompt before you begin brainstorming. Identify the main topic, any specific instructions, and the type of essay you need to write (e.g., argumentative, descriptive, or opinion essay). This understanding will provide you with a clear direction and framework for generating ideas and developing arguments.


Brainstorming is an essential step in idea generation. Take a few minutes to jot down any relevant ideas, examples, or points that come to mind related to the prompt. Use techniques like mind mapping or listing to organize your thoughts. Don't worry about coherence or grammar at this stage—focus on capturing as many ideas as possible.

Research and Gather Evidence:

If the prompt allows or requires supporting evidence, conduct research to gather relevant information, facts, statistics, or examples that support your arguments. Utilize credible sources such as books, scholarly articles, or reputable websites. Ensure you take note of the sources for proper referencing in your essay.

Analyze Different Perspectives:

Consider various perspectives related to the topic. Analyze both sides of an argument or explore different angles of the issue at hand. This analysis will enable you to present a balanced and nuanced view in your essay. It also demonstrates critical thinking skills and enhances the credibility of your arguments.

Create a Thesis Statement:

A strong thesis statement is the backbone of your essay. It presents the main argument or claim that you will support throughout your writing. Craft a clear and concise thesis statement that reflects your main idea and sets the tone for the rest of the essay. Ensure it aligns with the prompt and encompasses the key arguments you plan to develop.

Outline Your Essay:

Creating an outline provides a structured framework for your essay and helps organize your thoughts. Divide your essay into introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. In the body paragraphs, outline the main arguments you will present and the supporting evidence or examples for each argument. This step ensures coherence and logical progression in your essay.

Use the PEE Method:

PEE stands for Point, Evidence, and Explanation. When developing your arguments, follow this method to present your ideas effectively. Start with a clear point or argument, provide supporting evidence (facts, examples, or statistics), and then explain how the evidence relates to your main point. This approach strengthens your arguments and provides a cohesive flow to your writing.

Utilize Examples and Personal Experiences:

Incorporate relevant examples and personal experiences to illustrate your arguments and make them more relatable and compelling. Use specific details and vivid descriptions to enhance the reader's understanding and engagement. Well-chosen examples and personal anecdotes can add credibility and depth to your essay.

Consider Counterarguments:

Acknowledge and address potential counterarguments to strengthen your position. Anticipating opposing viewpoints shows that you have considered multiple perspectives and strengthens the persuasiveness of your arguments. Respond to counterarguments with logical reasoning and supporting evidence to further support your position.

Revise and Edit:

After completing your essay, take the time to revise and edit your work. Review your arguments for clarity, coherence, and relevance to the main thesis. Ensure proper grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure. Edit for clarity and conciseness, eliminating any unnecessary words or repetitive statements. Proofread carefully to catch any spelling or typographical errors.


Generating ideas and developing strong arguments is essential for success in the PTE Writing section. By understanding the prompt, brainstorming, conducting research, analyzing different perspectives, creating a thesis statement, outlining your essay, using the PEE method, incorporating examples and personal experiences, considering counterarguments, and revising and editing your work, you can effectively generate ideas and develop compelling arguments that enhance the quality of your PTE Writing responses. Remember, practice and refinement of these skills will lead to improved writing proficiency and higher scores on the exam.

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